The Names and Attributes of Allah

Date Added: October 20, 2013 11:51:42 AM
Author: Anonymous
Category: Article

Allah has described Himself in the Quran through His Names and Attributes. Muslims believe that studying these Names and Attributes is one of the most effective ways of strengthening one’s relationship with God. Each Name and Attribute nourishes a kind of consciousness and humility in man and their study leads one to constantly better their actions.

“The most beautiful names belong to Allah: so call on Him by them.” (Quran, 7:180)

Muslims are asked to call upon God during their supplications by the most appropriate names that relate to what they are asking for. For example, if one is seeking forgiveness from God for a sin they have committed, they would call upon Him by His name “Al-Ghaffar,” meaning “The Ever Forgiving.” If one is asking for peace and tranquility in their life while experiencing a period of tension, they would call on God by His name “As-Salaam,” meaning “The Ultimate Source of Peace.”

The table below captures an approximate translation of a selection of Allah’s names as found in the Quran. We have chosen to provide some commentary on His names relating to Mercy. However, each of the names listed could be the subject of its own article.

Names Relating to Mercy

The primary Names of Allah specifically dealing with Mercy are Ar-Rahman and Ar-Rahim. These two names frequently occur together in the Qur’an. They are both derived from the same root word rahmah which means mercy and also has elements of sympathy, kindness, gentleness, compassion and love intertwined with it. As with all the Names of Allah, these are Names of majesty and perfection. Allah therefore manifests these qualities to the most perfect level with His Creation. Ar-Rahman signifies a flood of mercy that covers us and is endless.

The mercy we see in this world which Allah has put among His Creation is just a hundredth of all His Mercy. Examples of mercy that we see in His creation includes the love a mother has for her child (human and otherwise), the eyes with which we are able to see, the food which we are provided to consume, the generosity and kindness we show to others.

Can we image what life would be like if these things, that we often take for granted, did not exist? When we realize that this is only a small portion of His Mercy, we learn to better appreciate (although we cannot comprehend) the extent of His Mercy. The other 99 parts are for the Day of Judgment and the Hereafter, when God provides shade for the believers, makes their accounting easy, and admits them to Paradise.

God’s Mercy comes before and prevails over His Anger. We take refuge in His Mercy from His Wrath.

“Say: O my servants who have acted extravagantly against their own souls, do not despair of the mercy of Allah; surely Allah forgives the faults altogether; surely He is the Forgiving the Merciful” (Quran, 39:53).

Allah’s name “Al-Ghaffar,” meaning “The Ever Forgiving,” is related to His Mercy. If one is sincere in asking for forgiveness from Allah, there is no sin that it too great for Him to forgive. When asking for forgiveness, a person would ask directly of God and there is no intermediary or religious cleric that would intervene. Islam has the principle that one has a direct relationship with God and one should learn to have dependence, faith and trust in Him for all their affairs.

The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is reported to have said that no man’s good deeds are alone enough to get him admitted into Paradise, but it is only by the Mercy of God that people will enter Paradise. Our deeds are a tool to get close to God to a place where we can be hopeful of His Mercy.

Some other Names of Allah that are related to His Mercy (with rough translations) are Al-Karim (the Generous), Al-Halim (the Forbearing), Al-Barr (the Generous), Al-Jawwad (the Bestower of Good), Ar-Rauf (the Kind) and Al-Wahhab (the Bestower).

 

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Transliteration

Translation (can vary based on context)

Qur’anic Usage

1

Ar-Rahman

The All Beneficent, The Most Merciful in Essence, The Compassionate, The Most Gracious

Beginning of every chapter except one, and in numerous other places

2

Ar-Rahim

The Most Merciful, The Most Merciful in Actions

Beginning of every chapter except one, and in numerous other places

3

Al-Malik

The King, The Sovereign, The True and Ultimate King

59:23, 20:114

4

Al-Quddus

The Most Holy, The Most Pure, The Most Perfect

59:23, 62:1

5

As-Salaam

The Peace and Blessing, The Source of Peace and Safety, The Most Perfect

59:23

6

Al-Mu’min

The Guarantor, The Self Affirming, The Granter of Security, The Affirmer of Truth

59:23

7

Al-Muhaymin

The Guardian, The Preserver, The Overseeing Protector

59:23

8

Al-Aziz

The Almighty, The Self Sufficient, The Most Honorable

3:6, 4:158, 9:40, 48:7, 59:23

9

Al-Jabbar

The Powerful, The Irresistible, The Compeller, The Most Lofty, The Restorer/Improver of Affairs

59:23

10

Al-Mutakabbir

The Tremendous

59:23

11

Al-Khaliq

The Creator

6:102, 13:16, 39:62, 40:62, 59:24

12

Al-Bari’

The Rightful

59:24

13

Al-Musawwir

The Fashioner of Forms

59:24

14

Al-Ghaffar

The Ever Forgiving

20:82, 38:66, 39:5, 40:42, 71:10

15

Al-Qahhar

The All Compelling Subduer

13:16, 14:48, 38:65, 39:4, 40:16

16

Al-Wahhab

The Bestower

3:8, 38:9, 38:35

17

Ar-Razzaq

The Ever Providing

51:58

18

Al-Fattah

The Opener, The Victory Giver

34:26

19

Al-Alim

The All Knowing, The Omniscient

2:158, 3:92, 4:35, 24:41, 33:40

20

Al-Qabid

The Restrainer, The Straightener

2:245

21

Al-Basit

The Expander, The Munificent

2:245

22

Al-Khafid

The Abaser

95:5

23

Ar-Rafi‘e

The Exalter

58:11, 6:83

24

Al-Mu‘ezz

The Giver of Honour

3:26

25

Al-Mudhell

The Giver of Dishonour

3:26

26

As-Sami‘e

The All Hearing

2:127, 2:256, 8:17, 49:1

27

Al-Basir

The All Seeing

4:58, 17:1, 42:11, 42:27

28

Al-Hakam

The Judge, The Arbitrator

22:69

29

Al-`Adl

The Utterly Just

6:115

30

Al-Lateef

The Subtly Kind

6:103, 22:63, 31:16, 33:34

31

Al-Khabeer

The All Aware

6:18, 17:30, 49:13, 59:18

32

Al-Haleem

The Forbearing, The Indulgent

2:235, 17:44, 22:59, 35:41

33

Al-Azeem

The Magnificent, The Infinite

2:255, 42:4, 56:96

34

Al-Ghafoor

The All Forgiving

2:173, 8:69, 16:110, 41:32

35

Ash-Shakoor

The Grateful

35:30, 35:34, 42:23, 64:17

36

Al-Aliyy

The Sublimely Exalted

4:34, 31:30, 42:4, 42:51

37

Al-Kabeer

The Great

13:9, 22:62, 31:30

38

Al-Hafeez

The Preserver

11:57, 34:21, 42:6

39

Al-Muqeet

The Nourisher

4:85

40

Al-Hasib

The Reckoner

4:6, 4:86, 33:39

41

Al-Jaleel

The Majestic

55:27, 39:14, 7:143

42

Al-Karim

The Bountiful, The Generous

27:40, 82:6

43

Ar-Raqib

The Watchful

4:1, 5:117

44

Al-Mujib

The Responsive, The Answerer

11:61

45

Al-Wasse‘e

The Vast, The All Encompassing

2:268, 3:73, 5:54

46

Al-Hakeem

The Wise

31:27, 46:2, 57:1, 66:2

47

Al-Wadud

The Loving, The Kind One

11:90, 85:14

48

Al-Majeed

The All Glorious

11:73

49

Al-Ba’ith

The Raiser of The Dead

22:7

50

Ash-Shaheed

The Witness

4:166, 22:17, 41:53, 48:28

51

Al-Haqq

The Truth, The Real

6:62, 22:6, 23:116, 24:25

52

Al-Wakeel

The Trustee, The Dependable

3:173, 4:171, 28:28, 73:9

53

Al-Qawee

The Strong

22:40, 22:74, 42:19, 57:25

54

Al-Mateen

The Firm, The Steadfast

51:58

55

Al-Walee

The Protecting Friend, Patron and Helper

4:45, 7:196, 42:28, 45:19

56

Al-Hamid

The All Praiseworthy

14:8, 31:12, 31:26, 41:42

57

Al-Muhsi

The Accounter, The Numberer of All

72:28, 78:29, 82:10-12

58

Al-Mubdi’

The Producer, Originator, and Initiator of All

10:34, 27:64, 29:19, 85:13

59

Al-Mu‘id

The Reinstater Who Brings Back All

10:34, 27:64, 29:19, 85:13

60

Al-Muhyi

The Giver of Life

7:158, 15:23, 30:50, 57:2

61

Al-Mumit

The Bringer of Death, The Destroyer

3:156, 7:158, 15:23, 57:2

62

Al-Hayy

The Ever Living

2:255, 3:2, 25:58, 40:65

63

Al-Qayyum

The Self Subsisting Sustainer of All

2:255, 3:2, 20:111

64

Al-Wajid

The Perceiver, The Finder, The Unfailing

38:44

65

Al-Majid

The Illustrious, The Magnificent

85:15, 11:73,

66

Al-Wahid

The One, The Unique, Manifestation of Unity

2:163, 5:73, 9:31, 18:110

67

Al-Ahad

The One, the All Inclusive, The Indivisible

112:1

68

As-Samad

The Self Sufficient, The Impregnable,
The Eternally Besought of All, The Everlasting

112:2

69

Al-Qadir

The All Able

6:65, 36:81, 46:33, 75:40

70

Al-Muqtadir

The All Determiner, The Dominant

18:45, 54:42, 54:55

71

Al-Muqaddim

The Expediter, He Who Brings Forward

16:61, 17:34,

72

Al-Mu’akhir

The Delayer, He Who Puts Far Away

71:4

73

Al-Awwal

The First

57:3

74

Al-Akhir

The Last

57:3

75

Az-Zahir

The Manifest, The All Victorious

57:3

76

Al-Batin

The Hidden, The All Encompassing

57:3

77

Al-Waali

The Patron

13:11, 22:7

78

Al-Muta’ali

The Self Exalted

13:9

79

Al-Barr

The Most Kind and Righteous

52:28

80

At-Tawwab

The Ever Returning, Ever Relenting

2:128, 4:64, 49:12, 110:3

81

Al-Muntaqim

The Avenger

32:22, 43:41, 44:16

82

Al-‘Afuww

The Pardoner, The Effacer of Sins

4:99, 4:149, 22:60

83

Ar-Ra’uf

The Compassionate, The All Pitying

3:30, 9:117, 57:9, 59:10

84

Malik-al-Mulk

The Owner of All Sovereignty

3:26

85

Dhu-al-Jalaliwa-al-Ikram

The Lord of Majesty and Generosity

55:27, 55:78

86

Al-Muqsit

The Equitable, The Requiter

7:29, 3:18

87

Al-Jami‘e

The Gatherer, The Unifier

3:9

88

Al-Ghani

The All Rich, The Independent

3:97, 39:7, 47:38, 57:24

89

Al-Mughni

The Enricher, The Emancipator

9:28

90

Al-Mani’e

The Withholder, The Shielder, the Defender

67:21

91

Ad-Darr

The Distressor, The Harmer, The AfflictorThis attribute can only be found in hadith

6:17

92

An-Nafi‘e

The Propitious, The Benefactor

?

93

An-Nur

The Light

24:35

94

Al-Hadi

The Guide

25:31

95

Al-Badi

The Incomparable, The Originator

2:117, 6:101

96

Al-Baqi

The Ever Enduring and Immutable

??

97

Al-Warith

The Heir, The Inheritor of All

15:23

98

Ar-Rashid

The Guide, Infallible Teacher and Knower

2:256

99

As-Sabur

The Patient, The Timeless.

?

 

Source: whyislam.org

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